How abdominal obesity raises cardiovascular, diabetes, and metabolic disease risk.

Extra belly fat (visceral fat) increases the risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and metabolic disorders. Here's how it causes health problems:

Increased Cytokines: Metabolically active visceral fat releases cytokines. High quantities of these chemicals cause persistent low-grade inflammation, which causes cardiovascular disease and insulin resistance.

Excess belly fat is significantly linked to insulin resistance, which reduces cell response to insulin. Type 2 diabetes begins with insulin resistance. 

Dyslipidemia: Visceral fat alters lipid metabolism, causing abnormal blood lipid levels including cholesterol and triglycerides. Cardiovascular disease is strongly linked to dyslipidemia.

Blood Pressure: Belly fat increases angiotensin II production, which raises blood pressure. Hypertension is a major risk factor for heart attacks and strokes.

Central obesity, which includes excess belly fat, increases metabolic syndrome risk. Abdominal obesity, high blood pressure, excessive blood sugar, and abnormal lipid levels comprise metabolic syndrome. 

Hormone imbalances: Belly obesity can affect sex hormones and cortisol. These abnormalities may cause metabolic and cardiovascular issues.

Health risks are also affected by genetics, lifestyle variables like diet and exercise, and body composition. However, lowering belly fat via diet, exercise, and lifestyle changes can greatly lessen the risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and metabolic disorders.

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